first party bike insurance,
By Okbima 07 May 2024 13

1st, 2nd & 3rd Parties In Bike Insurance: 2024 Detailed Comparison


When it comes to bike insurance, there are three main parties involved: the policyholder (1st party), the insurance company (2nd party), and any other individual that may be impacted by the policyholder's actions (3rd party). In this detailed comparison for 2024, we will explore the differences in coverage, benefits & potential liabilities for each party involved in bike insurance.


What Is First Party Bike Insurance?

First party bike insurance (own damage insurance) is a type of insurance that covers damages to your bike in case of accidents, theft, fire, natural calamities, etc. It is different from third-party insurance, which covers damages caused to a third party's property or person by your bike.

In India, first party bike insurance is mandatory under the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988. It is  included in comprehensive bike insurance policies along with third party coverage. The first-party insurance premium is based on factors such as the make and model of the bike, the age of the bike, the insured declared value (IDV) of the bike, and the geographical location of the policyholder.

Example: Rohan purchased a new bike worth Rs. 1.5 lakhs & purchased a First Party Insurance policy. The annual premium for his policy is Rs. 8,000. Unfortunately, his bike was stolen after a few months. As per the policy, Rohan was reimbursed the insured value of Rs. 1.5 lakhs, minus the deductible amount of Rs. 5,000. 


Accidents Can Happen Anytime: View Bike Insurance Plans!


What Is Second Party Bike Insurance?

Second party bike insurance is a type of insurance that covers damages or losses caused to a third party by the insured bike. This type of insurance is mandatory in India as per the Motor Vehicles Act,i of 1988. It offers coverage for damages to the third party's property, bodily injuries, or death caused by the insured vehicle.

The second party bike insurance premium is determined based on various factors such as the cubic capacity of the bike's engine, the age of the bike, the geographical location & the type of coverage chosen. It is important to have second party bike insurance to ensure that you are financially protected in case of an accident.

Example: In a second party bike insurance, a man named Rahul was riding his bike, when suddenly a car crossed a red light and crashed into him. Rahul suffered injuries and his bike was badly damaged. The cost of repairing his bike amounted to Rs. 25,000. Fortunately, since Rahul had second party bike insurance, the insurance company covered the entire repair cost.


Your Safety Should Be Your High Priority: View Two Wheeler Insurance Plans!


What Is Third Party Bike Insurance?

Third party bike insurance is a type of insurance policy that offers coverage for damages caused to a third party by the insured bike. In India, it is mandatory by law for all two-wheelers to have at least a third party insurance policy. In an accident, where the insured bike causes damage to a third party's property or injures a third party, the third party bike insurance policy provides coverage for the third party's medical expenses and property damage. 

It does not cover any damages to the insured bike or the insured person. The premium for third party bike insurance is fixed by the IRDAI, based on the cubic capacity of the insured bike. The premium rates are revised annually by the IRDAI

Example: In India, you may opt for Third Party Bike Insurance to protect yourself from any third-party liabilities in case of an accident. For instance, if you accidentally hit someone's car with your bike, Third Party Insurance will cover the expenses incurred by the other party. 

With Third Party Bike Insurance, you can stay financially protected and avoid legal consequences in such situations. It is a mandatory requirement by law to have at least Third Party Insurance when riding a bike in India.


Protect Yourself With Bike Insurance: Get A Free Quote!


First Party Vs Second Party Vs Third Party Bike Insurance: A Comparison

Here is the comparison table of first party, second party & third party bike insurance based on coverage, premium cost, customization options, etc.



First-Party Insurance

Second-Party Insurance

Third-Party Insurance


Comprehensive coverage for the insured's own damages, theft & third-party liabilities

Coverage for the insured's damages & Theft

Coverage only for third-party liabilities

Own Damage Coverage




Theft Coverage




Premium Cost

Higher due to broader coverage



Additional Benefits

Roadside assistance, zero depreciation cover, personal accident cover for owner-driver, etc.

Roadside assistance, personal accident cover for owner-driver, etc.


Customization Options

Various add-ons are available for additional coverage based on individual needs

Limited add-ons available

No customization beyond basic coverage

Mandatory Requirement

Not mandatory, but advisable for better protection

Not mandatory, but advisable

Mandatory for vehicle registration


Why Bike Insurance Is Necessary?

Bike insurance is necessary for many reasons such as legal requirement, financial protection, liability coverage, peace of mind & customizable coverage options.

  • Legal requirement: In India, two-wheeler insurance is necessary. If you ride without insurance, you’ve to pay fines, your license can suspensed, or even imprisonment.

  • Financial protection: Bike insurance provides financial protection in case of accidents, theft, or damage to your bike. It can cover the cost of repairs, medical expenses, or even replacement of your bike.

  • Liability coverage: Bike insurance also provides liability coverage in case you are at fault in an accident and someone else is injured or their property is damaged. This can help protect you from expensive lawsuits.

  • Peace of mind: Having bike insurance gives you peace of mind knowing that you are protected in case of unforeseen events. It allows you to enjoy riding your bike without worrying about potential risks.

  • Customizable coverage options: Bike insurance policies offer customizable coverage options to suit your specific needs and budget.


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In conclusion, First party bike insurance is coverage that protects the policyholder and their bike in the event of an accident or damage. Second party insurance involves the insurer providing coverage to the policyholder. Third party insurance offers liability coverage for damages to another person or property. The key differences lie in who is covered by the policy and the extent of the coverage offered. For expert guidance, you can contact “Our Experts”.

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