kidney transplant cost
By Okbima 19 Apr 2024 35

Kidney Transplant Cost in India 2024: Types, Success Rate & Recovery Time

 

The Kidney Transplant Cost in India varies depending on the type of transplant, hospital, and post-hospitalization care. The types of kidney transplants in India include living donor and deceased donor transplants, with a high success rate due to advancements in medical technology and expertise. Let’s know its recovery time and process & does health insurance covers Kidney Transplants.

 

What Is A Kidney Transplant?

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure in which a healthy kidney is transplanted into a patient with kidney failure. This procedure is done when a patient's kidneys are no longer functioning properly and dialysis is no longer effective. The transplanted kidney can come from a living donor, usually a family member or friend, or a deceased donor. 

 

Kidney Transplant Cost in India: Different Cities

Here is a table that shows Kidney Transplant Costs in India in different cities such as Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, etc.

Cities

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Delhi

Rs. 6,76,630

Rs. 10,14,945

Rs. 13,53,261

Ahmedabad

Rs. 5,64,757

Rs. 8,47,135

Rs. 11,29,514

Bangalore

Rs. 6,64,089

Rs. 9,96,134

Rs. 13,28,096

Mumbai

Rs. 7,01,277

Rs. 10,51,916

Rs. 14,02,637

Pune

Rs. 6,39,215

Rs. 9,58,864

Rs. 12,78,513

Chennai

Rs. 6,08,225

Rs. 9,12,338

Rs. 12,16,451

Hyderabad

Rs. 5,89,631

Rs. 8,84,406

Rs. 11,79,180

Kolkata

Rs. 5,39,965

Rs. 8,09,948

Rs. 10,79,848

Disclaimer: We took data from the internet, it can vary on your city, current condition & hospital.

 

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Cost of Diagnostic Tests For Kidney Transplant

Here's a table mentioning the cost of diagnostic tests for kidney transplants in India such as Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), Serum Creatinine, Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), etc. 

Diagnostic Test

Cost

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

Rs. 500 - 1000

Serum Creatinine

Rs. 400 - 800

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)

Rs. 600 - 1200

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

Rs. 300 - 600

Urine Tests (Routine)

Rs. 200 - 500

Renal Ultrasound

Rs. 1000 - 2000

Kidney Biopsy

Rs. 5000 - 10000

Disclaimer: We took data from the internet, it can vary on your city, current condition & hospital.

 

Types Of Kidney Transplant Surgeries In India

In India, kidney transplant surgeries are primarily two types which are the Living Donor Kidney Transplant & Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant.

  • 1. Living Donor Kidney Transplant: In this procedure, a family member or close relative donates one of their kidneys to a person in need. It's better to have a living donor because it can give better results and a shorter wait time. The surgery involves taking a kidney from the donor and giving it to the recipient.

  • 2. Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant: Deceased donor kidney transplants come from individuals who have agreed to donate their organs or whose families have consented after their death. Wait times can be longer because organs are limited.

 

Kidney Transplant Success Rate & Life Expectancy

The kidney transplant success rate is high in India, although it can vary depending on the type of transplant and patient factors.

  • Success Rates: Kidney transplant has a success rate of 85% to 90%. A transplant from a living donor works better than one from a deceased donor. The transplanted kidney from a living donor can last up to 15-20 years, compared to 10-15 years with a deceased donor transplant.

  • Life Expectancy: Dialysis patients might have an average life expectancy of 5-10 years, while a transplant can extend life expectancy by over 10 years.

 

Recovery Time In Kidney Transplant

The recovery time for a kidney transplant will be in two main stages which are the hospital stay and post-discharge recovery. 

Hospital Stay (3-10 days)

  • This is the initial recovery period where you'll be closely monitored by the medical team.

  • The exact duration depends on your progress and any complications.

  • You'll start moving around within a day or two after surgery.

  • The new kidney might start functioning immediately, or you might need temporary dialysis until it works properly.

 

Post-Discharge Recovery (6-8 weeks)

  • This is when you'll continue recovery at home.

  • It takes 6-8 weeks for full recovery, allowing you to continue daily activities.

  • You'll need to follow a medication plan to prevent rejection of the new kidney.

  • Light exercise and movement are encouraged for fast recovery.

 

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Kidney Transplant Procedure

The Kidney Transplant procedure includes the evaluation, matching, surgery, recovery, and post-transplant care.

  • Evaluation: The first step in the kidney transplant process is the evaluation of both the potential kidney donor and the recipient. This includes some tests and assessments to know if the recipient is a suitable candidate for a transplant and if the donor's kidney is compatible.

  • Matching: If the donor is found to be a suitable match for the recipient, additional tests will be done to ensure compatibility. This includes blood and tissue types to determine if the donor and recipient have compatible blood types and tissue antigens.

  • Surgery: Once a suitable donor is found and compatibility is confirmed, the kidney transplant surgery can start. The donor's kidney is surgically removed from the donor & transplanted into the recipient's abdomen. The blood vessels of the donor's kidney are connected to the recipient's arteries & veins & the ureter of the donor's kidney is attached to the recipient's bladder.

  • Recovery: After the surgery, the recipient will stay in the hospital for many days to monitor for any complications and to ensure that the new kidney is functioning properly. The recipient will also need to take immunosuppressant medications to prevent rejection of the transplanted kidney.

  • Post-transplant care: After the surgery, the recipient will need to undergo regular follow-up visits with their healthcare team to monitor the function of the transplanted kidney and adjust medications as needed. The recipient needs to follow their care plan & take medications as prescribed to ensure the long-term success of the transplant.

 

Factors That Affect Kidney Transplant Cost

The cost of a kidney transplant in India can vary based on many factors such as hospital charges, surgeon's fees, pre-transplant evaluation, kidney price, donor expenses, etc.

  • Hospital Charges: The choice of hospital can impact the cost. A known hospital with state-of-the-art facilities may charge more compared to smaller hospitals.

  • Surgeon's Fees: The experience and expertise of the surgeon who is going to do the transplant can impact the Kidney Transplant Cost in India. 

  • Pre-Transplant Evaluation: This includes many tests & evaluations to know the suitability of the patient and donor for the transplant. The cost may vary depending on the complexity and number of tests required.

  • Donor Expenses: If the donor is not a close relative and needs to travel for the transplant, their expenses for travel, accommodation, and medical tests may add to the overall cost.

  • Post-Transplant Care: This includes medications, follow-up visits, and complications after the transplant. The cost of immunosuppressant drugs, which are essential for preventing organ rejection, can be higher.

  • Insurance Coverage: A health insurance coverage, can reduce out-of-pocket expenses for the patient.

  • Additional Services: Any additional services availed, such as private room accommodation, special nursing care, or advanced medical technologies, can add to the overall cost.

 

Does Health Insurance Cover Kidney Transplant Cost?

Yes, health insurance plans in India cover the cost of a kidney transplant which includes surgery, pre and post-hospitalization & donor expenses.

  • Surgery: Hospital room rent, surgeon's fees, anesthesia, and other surgical expenses.

  • Pre and Post-hospitalization: Expenses for tests, medications, and doctor visits before and after the surgery.

  • Donor Expenses: Medical costs related to harvesting the kidney from a living donor might be covered.

 

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Conclusion

In conclusion, the kidney transplant cost in India in 2024 can vary depending on the type of transplant, with a traditional transplant costing less than a laparoscopic or robotic-assisted transplant. The success rates for kidney transplants in India are high, with a low rate of rejection. Recovery time for kidney transplant patients in India can also vary, but on average patients can expect to be back to their normal activities within a few weeks to a couple of months. 

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