cost-of-stem-cell-transplant-in-india
By Okbima 12 Feb 2024 84

Cost of Stem Cell Transplant in India 2024

 

The cost of stem cell transplant in India varies depending on several factors such as the type of transplant required, the hospital or clinic chosen, and additional medical procedures or treatments involved. 

 

What Is Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cell therapy is a medical treatment that uses stem cells to repair or replace damaged cells and tissues in the body. Stem cells are unique cells that have the potential to develop into different cell types, such as muscle cells, bone cells, or nerve cells. 

They can be obtained from various sources, including embryos, adult tissues, and umbilical cord blood. Stem cell therapy holds great promise in treating many medical conditions, including heart disease, Parkinson's disease, and spinal cord injuries.

 

How Much is the Cost of Stem Cell Transplant in India?

The cost of stem cell transplants in India can range from 15 to 25 lakh rupees, depending on the type of transplant. For example, the expense of an allogeneic stem cell transplant in India can surpass that of autologous stem cell transplants. Finding a suitable donor match can be difficult, particularly for bone marrow transplants. 

Additionally, multiple sessions may be necessary, adding to the already high cost. The recovery process can be lengthy, extending up to a year due to the impact on the immune system. Moreover, the overall cost of treatment is influenced by various factors, including your location, any pre-existing medical conditions, and additional expenses associated with stem cell therapy.

If you have doubts about your ability to afford them independently, look at the advantages of a health insurance plan which can be beneficial. Many health insurance plans offer coverage for critical illnesses and can provide valuable assistance in such situations.

 

Stem Cell Transplant Cost In India: Cost Breakdown

Medical Expenses

Parameters

Cost Range

Pre-Treatment Costs

Basic health check-ups Physical examinations

Rs. 5,000 - Rs. 10,000

Specific Tests

CT scan, Colour Doppler, Ultrasound, etc.

Rs. 10,000 - Rs. 15,000

Cost of transplant

Type of surgery Total number of sessions

Rs. 15 lakhs - Rs. 25 lakh

Other expenses

Follow-up session cost Cost of immunosuppressant injections

Other post-surgery costs

Up to Rs. 50,000

 

Stem Cell Therapy Cost In India: For Different Diseases

Diseases

Stem Cell Transplant Cost In India

Blood Cancer

Rs. 8.6 Lakhs - Rs. Lakhs

Spinal Cord Injury

Rs. 5 Lakhs - Rs. 5.5 Lakhs

Kidney Failure

Rs. 3.94 Lakhs - Rs. 4.87 Lakhs

Knee Problem

Rs. 4.75 Lakhs - Rs. 6 Lakhs

Parkinson’s Disease

Rs. 5.8 Lakhs - Rs. 10 Lakhs

Cerebral Palsy

Rs. 5.71 Lakhs - Rs. 7.62 Lakhs

Autism

Rs. 3.3 Lakhs - Rs. 4.7 Lakhs

Hair Loss

Rs. 2.15 Lakhs - Rs. 7 Lakhs

 

Cost of Stem Cell Transplant in India: Cost in Different Cities

City

Minimum Cost

Average Cost

Maximum Cost

Ahmedabad

Rs. 4.69 Lakhs

Rs. 12.44 Lakhs

Rs. 20.19 Lakhs

Bangalore

Rs. 5.52 Lakhs

Rs. 14.63 Lakhs

Rs. 23.74 Lakhs

Chennai

Rs. 5.52 Lakhs

Rs. 13.40 Lakhs

Rs. 21.75 Lakhs

Delhi

Rs. 5.62 Lakhs

Rs. 14.90 Lakhs

Rs. 24.19 Lakhs

Hyderabad

Rs. 4.90 Lakhs

Rs. 12.99 Lakhs

Rs. 21.08 Lakhs

Kolkata

Rs. 4.48 Lakhs

Rs. 11.89 Lakhs

Rs. 19.30 Lakhs

Mumbai

Rs. 5.83 Lakhs

Rs. 15.45 Lakhs

Rs. 25.07 Lakhs

Pune

Rs. 5.31 Lakhs

Rs. 14.08 Lakhs

Rs. 22.86 Lakhs

 

How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?

Stem cell therapy works by utilizing the regenerative properties of stem cells to repair, replace, or restore damaged or diseased cells within the body. 

Here's a step-by-step explanation of how stem cell therapy works:

• Collection of Stem Cells: Healthy stem cells are collected from a suitable source, which can include Bone marrow, Peripheral blood (bloodstream), and Umbilical cord blood.

• Isolation and Processing: The collected stem cells undergo isolation and processing to concentrate them and remove impurities. In some cases, stem cells may be obtained from other sources like adipose (fat) tissue.

• Preparation of the Patient: If the stem cells are sourced from the patient (autologous transplant), they may undergo conditioning treatments like chemotherapy or radiation to create a more favorable environment for the incoming stem cells.

• Infusion or Transplantation: The processed and concentrated stem cells are then introduced into the patient's body through infusion, often administered intravenously. The stem cells travel through the bloodstream to reach the target tissues or organs.

• Homing and Engraftment: Stem cells possess the unique ability to home in on areas of injury or damage within the body. Once at the target site, the stem cells undergo engraftment, integrating into the surrounding tissues.

• Differentiation and Repair: The stem cells can differentiate into specialized cells based on the needs of the surrounding tissue. This process allows them to replace or repair damaged cells, promoting tissue regeneration.

• Immunomodulation: Stem cells may also have immunomodulatory properties, influencing the immune system's response and promoting an anti-inflammatory environment.

• Targeted Treatment: Stem cell therapy can be tailored to target specific conditions, such as Heart diseases, Neurological disorders, Orthopedic injuries, and Blood disorders.

 

When is Stem Cell Transplant Required?

A stem cell transplant, also known as a bone marrow transplant, is a medical procedure used to treat certain types of cancers, genetic disorders, and other serious health conditions. 

Some of the conditions that may require a stem cell transplant include:

• Leukemia: A stem cell transplant is often used to treat certain types of leukemia, a cancer of the bone marrow and blood. It may be recommended for patients who have not responded to other treatments or those who have a high risk of relapse.

• Lymphoma: Certain forms of lymphoma, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, may require a stem cell transplant in cases where chemotherapy or radiation therapy has not been effective or the disease has relapsed.

• Multiple Myeloma: This is a cancer that affects plasma cells in the bone marrow. Stem cell transplant can be an effective treatment option for multiple myeloma patients, especially when combined with chemotherapy.

• Aplastic Anemia: In this condition, the bone marrow fails to produce enough blood cells. A stem cell transplant can help replace the damaged bone marrow and restore normal blood cell production.

• Genetic Disorders: A stem cell transplant may be necessary for certain genetic disorders, such as sickle cell disease and thalassemia. By replacing the abnormal stem cells with healthy ones, the transplant can potentially cure or improve the symptoms of these conditions.

• Immunodeficiency Disorders: Some individuals are born with or develop immune system disorders that make them susceptible to severe infections. A stem cell transplant can restore normal immune function by replacing faulty immune cells.

 

Types of Stem Cell Therapy Treatments

Stem cell therapy is a medical treatment that involves the use of stem cells to prevent, treat, or cure various diseases and conditions.

Here are some types of stem cell therapy treatments available in India:

• Bone Marrow Transplant: This is one of the most common stem cell therapy treatments. It involves the extraction of stem cells from the patient's own bone marrow or a donor's bone marrow, followed by transplantation into the patient's body. It is commonly used to treat conditions like leukemia, lymphoma, and some types of anemia.

• Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cell Therapy: This type of stem cell therapy utilizes stem cells obtained from the umbilical cord blood of newborns. The stem cells are collected shortly after delivery, preserved, and later used for transplant in patients with various genetic and blood disorders.

• Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Therapy: Adipose tissue, also known as fat tissue, is a rich source of stem cells. Adipose-derived stem cell therapy involves the extraction of stem cells from the patient's own adipose tissue through a minimally invasive procedure. These stem cells can then be used for various treatments, including orthopedic conditions, cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune disorders.

• Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy: This type of stem cell therapy involves the reprogramming of normal adult cells, such as skin cells, to behave like embryonic stem cells. These induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can then be coaxed to differentiate into various cell types and used for regenerative medicine applications.

• Dental Stem Cell Therapy: Dental stem cell therapy involves the use of stem cells obtained from various dental sources, such as the dental pulp, periodontal ligament, and tooth germ. These stem cells can be used in the regeneration of dental tissues, bone, and other structural components of the mouth.

• HSC (Hematopoietic Stem Cell) Transplant: Hematopoietic stem cells are responsible for the formation of blood and immune cells. HSC transplant is commonly used in treating blood-related disorders like leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. It involves the infusion of healthy hematopoietic stem cells from a donor, typically a matched family member or unrelated donor.

 

Factors Affecting the Cost of Stem Cell Transplant in India

The cost of stem cell transplant in India can vary based on several factors. Here are some key factors that can influence the cost of stem cell transplant surgery in India:

• Type of Stem Cell Transplant: Different types of stem cell transplants, such as autologous or allogeneic may have different costs. Allogeneic transplants, which involve finding a suitable donor, can be more expensive due to additional compatibility testing and donor-related expenses.

• Hospital and Facility Charges: The choice of hospital and medical facility can significantly impact the overall cost. High-end hospitals with state-of-the-art facilities and experienced medical staff may charge more for their services

• Medical Team Fees: Fees for the medical team, including the transplant surgeon, hematologist, anesthesiologist, and other healthcare professionals involved in the procedure, contribute to the overall cost.

• Pre-Transplant Evaluation and Testing: Costs associated with pre-transplant evaluations, diagnostic tests, and screenings to determine the patient's eligibility for the transplant can affect the total expenses.

• Post-Transplant Care: The cost of post-transplant care, including medications, follow-up visits, and potential complications, should be considered. This is particularly important for evaluating the long-term financial commitment associated with the procedure.

• Location: The geographic location of the hospital or medical center can impact costs. Medical facilities in metropolitan areas or cities may have higher operational expenses, potentially leading to higher service charges.

 

Read More:

Bypass Heart Surgery Cost in India 2024

Cost of Open Heart Surgery India 2024 - Types & Success Rate

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, the cost of stem cell transplant in India is significantly lower compared to other countries, making it an affordable option for patients seeking this advanced medical treatment. The availability of skilled medical professionals, state-of-the-art facilities, and a wide range of stem cell therapies further contribute to India's growing reputation as a cost-effective destination for medical tourism. 

 

FAQs

How successful are stem cell transplants?

Stem cell transplants have shown considerable success in treating various diseases and conditions, with high rates of positive outcomes and improved quality of life for patients.

 

Is a stem cell transplant painful?

A stem cell transplant can be a physically uncomfortable procedure; however, the level of pain experienced varies for each individual.

 

What are the 5 stages of the stem cell transplant?

The five stages of the stem cell transplant include conditioning, collection, infusion, engraftment, and recovery.

 

What are the 3 types of stem cell transplants?

The three types of stem cell transplants are autologous, allogeneic, and syngeneic.

 

Who is the best donor for a stem cell transplant?

The best donor for a stem cell transplant is typically a close relative or a perfectly matched unrelated donor.

 

Who cannot donate stem cells?

Individuals with certain medical conditions or diseases, such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, or certain infections, may not be eligible to donate stem cells.

 

What is the best age to donate stem cells?

There is no specific or best age to donate stem cells, as individuals of various ages can be potential donors depending on their health and eligibility criteria.

 

What is the age limit for stem cell donors?

The age limit for stem cell donors varies, but generally, individuals between the ages of 18 and 60 are considered eligible.

 

Are stem cell donation risks?

Stem cell donation has minimal risks, which are typically associated with the use of anesthesia, infection, or in some cases, minor side effects like fatigue or soreness.


 

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