Domiciliary Hospitalization in Health Insurance: Benefits, Covered & Not Covered

By Okbima 01 Apr 2024


Domiciliary hospitalization refers to receiving medical treatment and care at home instead of being admitted to a hospital. This option can be more convenient for patients as it allows them to recover in familiar surroundings.

Covered medical treatments typically include routine check-ups, medication management, and minor procedures. However, certain treatments such as surgeries may not be covered under domiciliary hospitalization.


What is Domiciliary Hospitalization?

Domiciliary hospitalization in health insurance refers to providing medical treatment to patients in their own homes instead of in a hospital. This can include doctor visits, nursing care, or even the administration of certain medical procedures. Studies have shown that domiciliary treatment can reduce healthcare costs by up to 40% compared to traditional hospitalization.


Benefits of Domiciliary Hospitalization

There are so many benefits of domiciliary hospitalization such as it is cost-effective, reduced risk of hospital-acquired infections, and many more.

  • Cost-effective: Domiciliary hospitalization can be less expensive than traditional hospitalization as it eliminates the costs associated with hospital room charges, meals, and other hospital services.

  • Comfort and convenience: Patients can receive medical care in the comfort of their own homes, surrounded by familiar surroundings and loved ones. This can lead to better mental and emotional well-being, as well as a faster recovery.

  • Reduced risk of hospital-acquired infections: By receiving care at home, patients are exposed to fewer germs and bacteria often present in hospitals, reducing the risk of infection.

  • Personalized care: Domiciliary hospitalization allows for more personalized care, as the healthcare provider can focus solely on the patient's needs and tailor their treatment plan accordingly.

  • Faster recovery: Research has shown that patients who receive care at home often experience faster recovery times compared to those who are hospitalized. This is likely due to the comfort and familiarity of their home environment.

  • Reduced stress and anxiety: Being in a familiar environment can help reduce stress and anxiety levels in patients, thereby promoting a quicker recovery.

  • Increased independence: Domiciliary hospitalization allows patients to maintain their independence and continue with their daily activities, which can positively impact their overall well-being.


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Conditions That Treated Under Domiciliary Hospitalization

Domiciliary hospitalization is typically recommended for medical conditions that can be treated effectively in a home, under the healthcare professionals. 

Some conditions that may be treated with domiciliary hospitalization:

  • Chronic Illness Management: Conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) require ongoing monitoring and management.

  • Post-Surgical Care: After certain surgeries, if the patient's condition allows, domiciliary hospitalization can be an option for continued recovery, wound care, and rehabilitation.

  • Infectious Diseases: Some infectious diseases that do not require isolation or specialized hospital facilities may be managed at home with proper medical supervision.

  • Wound Care: Patients with non-complex wounds, surgical incisions, or injuries that require regular dressing changes and monitoring.

  • Respiratory Conditions: Conditions like asthma, bronchitis, or mild cases of pneumonia can be managed with home-based treatments and respiratory therapies.

  • Neurological Conditions: Certain neurological conditions, such as mild strokes or neurological rehabilitation, where ongoing care and therapy can be provided at home.

  • Palliative Care: End-of-life care for individuals with terminal illnesses may be provided at home to enhance comfort and quality of life.

  • Maternity Care: Some postpartum care and monitoring of both the mother and the newborn can be conducted at home, especially in cases of uncomplicated deliveries.

  • Pediatric Care: Mild pediatric illnesses, post-surgical care, or management of chronic pediatric conditions that do not require hospitalization may be suitable for domiciliary treatment.

  • Orthopedic Conditions: Patients recovering from orthopedic procedures, fractures, or joint replacements may receive rehabilitation and physical therapy at home.

  • Cancer Care: Certain stages of cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy administration and supportive care, may be provided in a home setting.

  • Geriatric Care: Conditions common in the elderly, such as mobility issues, chronic diseases, or age-related complications, may be managed at home.


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What is Covered in Domiciliary Hospitalisation?

Domiciliary hospitalization covers doctor's visits, nursing care, diagnostic tests, medical equipment, medications, ambulance services, etc.

  • Doctor's Visits: The cost of visits by healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, and therapists, who provide medical care at the patient's home.

  • Nursing Care: Coverage for skilled nursing care at home, including wound care, medication administration, and other medical procedures.

  • Diagnostic Tests: Expenses related to diagnostic tests conducted at home, such as blood tests, X-rays, or other medical imaging.

  • Medical Equipment: Coverage for the cost of medical equipment and devices prescribed for home use, such as oxygen concentrators, nebulizers, and monitoring devices.

  • Medications: Reimbursement for prescribed medications that are required for the treatment and care of the patient at home.

  • Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation: Coverage for home-based physical therapy and rehabilitation services to aid in the recovery and improvement of the patient's condition.

  • Durable Medical Equipment (DME): Expenses related to the rental or purchase of durable medical equipment that is essential for the patient's care at home, such as wheelchairs or hospital beds.

  • Ambulance Services: Coverage for home-based ambulance services if the patient needs transportation to and from medical facilities for treatment.


What is Not Covered in Domiciliary Hospitalisation?

Domiciliary hospitalization does not cover non-medical services, experimental or investigational treatments, pre-existing conditions, alternative therapies, etc.

  • Non-Medical Services: Services that are not directly related to medical treatment, such as household chores, meal delivery, or personal assistance with activities of daily living.

  • Experimental or Investigational Treatments: Domiciliary treatments that are considered experimental or not widely accepted within the medical community may not be covered.

  • Pre-existing Conditions: Some insurance policies may exclude coverage for pre-existing conditions for a specific waiting period after the policy is purchased.

  • Non-Prescription Medications: Over-the-counter medications and non-prescription drugs are typically not covered.

  • Cosmetic Procedures: Aesthetic or cosmetic treatments and surgeries that are not deemed medically necessary are often excluded.

  • Alternative Therapies: Services and treatments classified as alternative or complementary, such as acupuncture or naturopathy, may not be covered.

  • Inpatient Hospitalization: Costs associated with traditional inpatient hospital stays are usually not covered under domiciliary hospitalization. The focus is on home-based care.

  • Non-Acute Conditions: Some policies may exclude coverage for chronic or non-acute conditions that do not require immediate medical attention.

  • Injury or Illness Outside Policy Coverage Area: If the medical incident occurs outside the geographic coverage area specified in the policy, it may not be covered.

  • Caregiver Expenses: Expenses related to hiring a caregiver or personal attendant for non-medical assistance may be excluded.

  • Self-Inflicted Injuries: Injuries or illnesses resulting from intentional self-harm or substance abuse may be excluded.


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Factors to Keep in Mind When Utilizing Domiciliary Hospitalization Benefits

Availing of domiciliary hospitalization benefits requires careful consideration of certain guidelines to ensure a smooth and effective process. 

Things to remember when utilizing domiciliary hospitalization benefits:

  • Check Policy Terms and Conditions: Review your health insurance policy to understand the specific terms and conditions related to domiciliary hospitalization. Check coverage limits, exclusions, and any waiting periods.

  • Eligibility Criteria: Confirm the eligibility criteria for domiciliary hospitalization coverage. Typically, there may be specific medical conditions or criteria that must be met to qualify for home-based medical care.

  • Prescription Requirement: Ensure that any medical services or treatments availed at home are prescribed by a qualified healthcare professional. Insurance claims are usually valid only for prescribed treatments.

  • Document Medical Necessity: Maintain detailed documentation of the medical necessity for domiciliary hospitalization. This may include medical reports, prescriptions, and other relevant documents.

  • Pre-Approval and Authorization: Some insurance policies require pre-approval or authorization before availing domiciliary hospitalization benefits. Check with your insurance provider and get the necessary approvals before starting home-based medical care.

  • Inform Insurance Provider: Inform your insurance provider about needing domiciliary treatment as soon as possible. Provide all required documents and information to initiate the claims process.

  • Use Network Providers: If your insurance plan has a network of healthcare providers, try to use them to ensure smoother claims processing. Some insurers may have preferred providers for domiciliary treatment.

  • Keep Records of Expenses: Maintain detailed records of all expenses related to domiciliary treatment. This includes invoices, receipts, and bills for medical services, medications, and equipment.

  • Submit Claims Properly: Submit all necessary claims documentation properly to avoid delays in reimbursement. Familiarize yourself with the claims submission process mentioned by your insurance provider.

  • Stay Informed About Coverage Changes: Periodically review your insurance policy for any updates or changes in coverage related to domiciliary hospitalization. Keep yourself updated on any changes made to your policy.

  • Emergency Situations: In emergencies, seek immediate medical attention. While domiciliary hospitalization may cover some services, it may not be suitable for all emergencies.


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In conclusion, domiciliary hospitalization offers a convenient and cost-effective option for patients who require medical care but prefer to receive treatment at home. It allows for optimal patient comfort and reduces the burden on traditional hospital resources. By providing comprehensive medical services in a home setting, domiciliary hospitalization can improve patient outcomes and satisfaction.



Home hospitalization is a healthcare service that provides acute medical care to patients in the comfort of their own homes.

Domiciliary therapy refers to medical or therapeutic services that are provided in the patient's home rather than in a hospital or clinic.

The key difference between home care and domiciliary treatment is that home care typically involves assistance with daily tasks and personal care, while domiciliary treatment focuses on providing medical treatment and therapies in the home setting.

In India, domiciliary hospitalization limit refers to the maximum coverage amount provided by health insurance policies for medical treatment received at home instead of in a hospital.

Home care is another name for domiciliary care.

The minimum duration for domiciliary treatment in India is typically around 7 days, depending on the patient's condition and the recommendation of the healthcare provider.

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