By Okbima 22 Jan 2024 7

How Many Types of Health Insurance Plans In India?


There are many types of health insurance in India such as individual health insurance, family floater plans, group health insurance, and many more. These different types of medical insurance plans cater to the varying needs and preferences of individuals and families in India.


What is Health Insurance?

Health insurance is a type of coverage that provides financial protection against medical expenses. It is a contract between the insured individual and the insurance company, where the individual pays a premium in exchange for coverage. Health insurance typically covers a wide range of medical services, including doctor visits, hospital stays, prescription medications, and preventive care. 


What are the Various Types of Health Insurance in India?

There are mainly two types of health insurance plans in India Indemnity Health Insurance, and Definite-Benefit Plans.

Indemnity Health Insurance

Indemnity health insurance is a type of coverage that provides individuals with the freedom to choose their healthcare providers and services. 

1. Individual Health Insurance

Individual health insurance is a type of health coverage that individuals purchase for themselves and, in some cases, their family members. Unlike group health insurance, which is typically provided by employers to their employees, individual health insurance is purchased directly by individuals

• Coverage Types: Individual health insurance plans vary in terms of coverage. They may include benefits such as hospitalization, doctor visits, prescription drugs, preventive care, and other medical services. 

• Premiums and Deductibles: Individuals pay a monthly premium for their health insurance coverage. Additionally, they may have out-of-pocket costs in the form of deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance.

• Pre-existing Conditions: Individual health insurance plans may not deny coverage or charge higher premiums based on pre-existing health conditions, thanks to certain regulations. 

2. Family Health Insurance

Family Health Insurance is a type of health insurance that provides coverage for the medical expenses of all members of a family under a single policy. It offers financial protection and ensures that family members have access to quality healthcare. 

• Coverage for Family Members: Family health insurance typically covers the policyholder (often the primary earning member), the spouse, and dependent children. 

• Comprehensive Coverage: These plans generally offer comprehensive coverage, including hospitalization expenses, surgeries, doctor consultations, diagnostic tests, maternity benefits, and sometimes dental and vision care.

• Network Hospitals: Insurance providers have tie-ups with a network of hospitals and healthcare providers. 

3. Senior Citizen Health Insurance

Senior Citizen Health Insurance is a specialized form of health insurance designed to cater to the healthcare needs of individuals aged 60 years and above. 

• Age Limit: Senior Citizen Health Insurance is specifically designed for individuals in their senior years, typically starting from the age of 60 or 65. 

• Coverage: These plans cover a range of medical expenses, including hospitalization, surgeries, diagnostic tests, doctor consultations, medication, and pre-existing conditions. 

• Pre-existing Conditions: Many senior health insurance plans cover pre-existing conditions after a waiting period.


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4. Medical Insurance

Medical insurance is a type of coverage that pays for medical and surgical expenses incurred by the insured individual. It provides financial protection in case of unexpected medical expenses, helping individuals manage the high costs associated with healthcare

• Premiums: Insured individuals pay regular premiums to the health insurance company, usually on a monthly or annual basis. 

• Coverage: Medical insurance typically covers a range of medical services, including hospital stays, doctor visits, surgeries, prescription medications, preventive care, and sometimes dental and vision care. 

• Deductibles: A deductible is the amount the insured individual must pay out of pocket before the insurance company starts covering costs. Higher deductibles often result in lower premium costs, but individuals will pay more upfront if they need medical services.

5. ULIP (Unit Linked Insurance Plans)

Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) are financial products that combine life insurance coverage with investment opportunity. These plans provide a dual benefit of insurance and investment, allowing policyholders to invest their money in a variety of funds while also providing a life insurance cover.• 

• Investment Component: A portion of the premium paid by the policyholder is allocated towards providing life insurance coverage, while the remaining amount is invested in various funds such as equity, debt, or a combination of both. 

• Risk and Returns: ULIPs are market-linked products, which means the returns on the investment are linked to the performance of the underlying funds. The value of the investment can fluctuate based on market conditions.

• Life Insurance Coverage: ULIPs provide life insurance coverage. In the event of the policyholder's death during the policy term, the nominee receives a death benefit, which typically includes the sum assured and the fund value.


Definite-Benefit Plans

Definite benefit plans refer to retirement plans that guarantee a specified benefit to employees after they retire. 

1. Critical Illness Insurance

Critical illness insurance is a type of insurance that provides a lump-sum payment if the policyholder is diagnosed with a specified critical illness or medical condition covered by the policy. 

• Coverage for Specific Illnesses: Critical illness insurance typically covers a list of specific critical illnesses such as cancer, heart attack, stroke, organ transplant, kidney failure, and others.

• Lump-Sum Payout: If the policyholder is diagnosed with a covered critical illness, the insurance company pays out a lump sum to the policyholder. This lump sum is provided regardless of the actual medical expenses incurred. 

• Survival Period: Critical illness policies often have a survival period, which is the duration the policyholder must survive after the diagnosis to be eligible for the benefit. This period is typically 30 days, but it can vary.

2. Personal Accident Insurance

Personal Accident Insurance is a type of insurance that provides financial protection in the event of accidental injury, disability, or death. 

• Coverage for Accidental Death: Personal Accident Insurance provides a lump-sum benefit to the beneficiaries in the event of the policyholder's death due to an accident. 

• Accidental Dismemberment and Disability Benefits: In addition to coverage for accidental death, the policy may offer benefits for the loss of limbs, eyesight, or hearing, as well as total or partial disability resulting from an accident. 

• 24/7 Coverage: Personal Accident Insurance provides coverage 24 hours a day, seven days a week, regardless of the location of the accident. 


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3. Hospital Daily Cash

Hospital Daily Cash is a supplementary benefit offered by some health insurance plans. It serves as additional financial support for policyholders during hospitalization. 

• Daily Cash Allowance: When the insured individual is hospitalized, in addition to the coverage for hospitalization expenses, the insurance policy provides a daily cash allowance. 

• Limitations and Conditions: There is usually a predetermined maximum limit for the daily cash allowance. This limit could vary depending on the insurance plan and the premium paid. 

• Claim Process: To avail of the Hospital Daily Cash benefit, the insured individual or their representative typically needs to submit a claim along with the necessary supporting documents, such as hospitalization records.


Reason to Buy Health Insurance at Young Age

There are several reasons to consider buying health insurance at a young age such as lower premiums, financial protection, lower waiting periods, and coverage for chronic conditions.

• Lower Premiums: Generally, health insurance premiums are more affordable when you're younger and healthier. Insurers often consider age as a significant factor in determining premium costs. 

• Financial Protection: Health insurance provides financial protection against unexpected medical expenses. Even young and healthy individuals can face unforeseen accidents or sudden illnesses. 

• Preventive Care: Many health insurance plans offer coverage for preventive services such as vaccinations, screenings, and wellness check-ups. These preventive measures can help detect and address health issues before they become more complicated.

• Waiting Periods: Some health insurance plans have waiting periods for specific conditions or treatments. By getting coverage early, you can pass these waiting periods and ensure that you have comprehensive protection when you need it.

• Coverage for Chronic Conditions: Some chronic conditions may develop over time, and having health insurance early can provide coverage for these conditions when they arise. 


Things to Consider Before Buying Health Insurance

Before buying health insurance, it's crucial to carefully identify various factors to ensure that the chosen plan aligns with your healthcare needs and financial situation. 

• Coverage Needs: Consider your medical history, existing health conditions, and any potential future health risks. Ensure that the insurance plan provides comprehensive coverage for your specific needs.

• Network of Providers: Verify that the plan includes a network of healthcare providers that you find convenient. In-network services typically have lower out-of-pocket costs compared to out-of-network services.

• Costs and Premiums: Consider the monthly premium and identify whether it fits into your budget. Higher premiums often come with lower out-of-pocket costs for medical services.

• Coverage Limits and Exclusions: Be aware of any limits on coverage, especially lifetime or annual limits. Some plans may impose restrictions on certain benefits

• Pre-Existing Conditions: Inquire about waiting periods for coverage of pre-existing conditions. Some plans may have waiting periods before covering specific health conditions.


Why to Buy Health Insurance from Okbima?

There are several reasons to buy health insurance from Okbima that you should consider before making a buying decision.

  1. Comparison of Multiple Plans: With Okbima you can compare health insurance plans from various insurance providers.

  2. Convenience: Buying insurance online through Okbima is easy and more convenient. 

  3. Wide Range of Insurers: WIth Okbima you can explore a broad range of insurance options. 



In summary, there are different types of health insurance. Some come from employers, some from the government, and others you can get for yourself or your family. Each type has its benefits. Employer plans help you if you work somewhere. Government plans like Medicaid and Medicare help specific groups. Do not forget to consult with okbima experts to buy the best health insurance plans.


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